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Archive-Backup Your Website

This is the #2 article in the backup topics, check out the first one : MySQL Archived Backup

Nowadays, nearly everyone / every company have a website of sorts. What most of us forgot is to back them up, in case of problems.
And as Murphy’s Law stated :

If it can go wrong, it will go wrong – in the worst possible time

Backup of your data can save you from such occasion.

An archived-backup can help you further – should you need to retrieve certain version of your data, then you can. Because it saves multiple copies of your data, each from certain point of time.

A way to do this is by using tools like the excellent rdiff-backup. In short – it’s like Apple’s Time Machine, but can be easily scripted & automated.

For other cases, you may need to create your own script for it.

Below is a script we use to backup our customer’s website.
It will backup both their MySQL database and the actual website itself.

Note that the backup script will archive for 2 weeks.
If you need diffent archive period, please feel free to modify the script, following the example in this article.

Here’s the script : backup-website.sh



#!/bin/bash

### Please change the variables below to suit you
sourcedir="/home/myuser/web"
targetdir="/home/myuser/mybackup"
targetfile="myname"
datestr="`date +%A`"
# 2 months archive
#datestr="`date +%d`"

tempdir="/tmp/$targetfile-$datestr"

dbuser="root"
dbpass="mypass"
database="mydb"

#################################
bmkdir="/bin/mkdir"
btar="/bin/tar"
bbzip2="/bin/bzip2"
bcp="/bin/cp"
bmysqldump="/usr/bin/mysqldump"

################################## start backup now

### create temporary space
$bmkdir $tempdir

### backup database
$bmysqldump -u $dbuser --password=$dbpass $database > $tempdir/$targetfile-$datestr.mysql
$bbzip2 $tempdir/$targetfile-$datestr.mysql

### backup website
$btar cvzf $tempdir/$targetfile-web-$datestr.tar.gz $sourcedir

### 2 weeks archive
$bcp $targetdir/$targetfile-$datestr.tar $targetdir/$targetfile-last-$datestr.tar

### backup website + mysql database
$btar cvf $targetdir/$targetfile-$datestr.tar $tempdir/*


Enjoy 🙂

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